615 N. Upper Broadway
P.O. Box 1500 (78403)
Corpus Christi, TX 78401
Technology in the Courtroom
The following paper was presented
by David L. Perry of Perry & Haas, Attorneys
at Law. at the Attorneys Information Exchange
Technology Seminar August 7-8, 2000 in
to Do with the Technology?
Low Tech Is Not Dead
Appendix: Full Courtroom Set up
most important thing about technology for trial
lawyers is to develop practical and usable technology
which supports the presentation of evidence,
but does not overwhelm or distract from the evidence
being presented. During trial, the technological
medium is not the message. It must serve
to carry the message, to present the evidence,
efficiently and unobtrusively. Properly used,
technology can be a tremendous benefit, allowing
the lawyer to present evidence in a way that
jurors can more easily understand, and adding
a visual power to the presentation. Poorly handled,
technology can be disruptive and distracting.
The purpose of this paper is to present our experience
with the practical use of technology to assist
in courtroom presentation, and pretrial development.
our practice, we use technology in the courtroom
primarily to assist in the presentation of documents,
videos or other forms of demonstrative evidence.
We have developed a system with which the trial
lawyer is comfortable, and which we try to keep
as unobtrusive as possible. The system is intended
to allow the trial lawyer maximum flexibility
to present any item of evidence, at any time,
with maximum impact.
summary, our system is to display documents,
videos, "key quote" excerpts from depositions,
photographs, X-rays and images of small objects
on a large "home- movie" screen which
has been positioned in the courtroom so that
the judge, jurors and attorneys can see the display.
We usually do not use small "satellite" monitors
for judge, jurors or any attorneys because we
are usually able to position the projection screen
in the courtroom where it can be seen by everyone.
documents, we usually place the documents under
an Elmo stand, which captures the image in a
video camera, routes the image through a projector
which, in turn, projects it onto the projection
screen. (Documents may also be displayed using
Trial Director software, but we generally do
not display them in that way. I will explain
why below.) The Elmo may also be used to project
X-rays, small three-dimensional objects, hand-drawn
notes, photographs, etc.
short video clips and "key quotes" from
depositions, we store the images in a computer,
and route the image through the projector to
the screen. The computer may also be used to
store photographs and other still images. Individual
selections are made from the computer via a bar
code and bar code reader which will be explained
in more detail below.
longer video presentations, such as an entire
deposition, we use a VCR. The VCR may also be
used as a backup for short video clips, although
it is more cumbersome and is not the vehicle
of choice. We do place the clips on video tape
and offer the video as the actual exhibit, so
that the image being played through the computer
is actually a duplicate of that on the exhibit
screen can be any standard home movie type projection
screen. This is known as a "front-projection" screen,
in which the projector is in front of the screen.
The projector must be placed squarely in front
of the screen to avoid "keystoning," a
distortion of the image which results from the
projected image hitting the screen from one side,
within a range of distance which will be prescribed
by the projector. The distance between the projector
and the screen will affect the size of the image.
If space does not allow for front projection,
it is possible to save space by going to a rear
projection system, which is more complicated
and requires a different screen and different
setup with the projector. Our screen may be either
mounted on a tripod or hung on a wall; there
are screens available with other types of mounting
practice, we need to gain access to the courtroom
in advance to take measurements and place equipment
for a trial run, and to obtain the court's agreement
to the equipment placement. It is important to
place the screen so that the important images
which we wish to show the jury can be easily
seen from every position in the jury box, and
it is best to verify the setup by looking at
the projected images from the jury box during
a trial run of the equipment setup.
do not use any type of television or computer
monitor system. First, the projector screen is
larger than even the largest commercially available
rear projection television systems, and thus
provides a better view for the jury. Second,
the resolution (sharpness) of television is not
adequate to effectively display typewritten documents.
As technology develops, the high definition flat
panel TV systems recently coming to market may
prove to be a useful alternative, but, at present,
they are both far more expensive and smaller
than the screen system which we are using.
heart of our system is the projector, which is
a Sharp LCD Projector Model # XG-E3500U. At the
time it was purchased, it was the brightest available
(1300 lumens) which allows the projection of
most images on the screen, easily readable and
viewable across the courtroom, without dimming
selecting a projector, the three critical elements
to consider are:
2. Resolution or definition
3. Availability of multiple inputs
many years, front projection was greatly limited
by its inability to project a picture which could
be seen clearly and easily across a fully lighted
room. Picture quality washed out dramatically
unless courtroom lights were dimmed. Dimming
the lights, when permitted, nevertheless remains
an intrusive distraction when required repeatedly
1300 lumens of brightness in our Sharp model
has proven completely satisfactory for courtroom
use without dimming the lights. For long presentations,
such as a deposition which may run for a substantial
time, we may dim the lights for improved picture
quality (this also has the advantage of focusing
the jury's attention on the picture), but, for
general use, reducing the lights is not necessary.
projector models are available with as much as
2200 lumens brightness, and improvement continues.
It would be advisable to test any projector before
purchase or use either in the courtroom in which
it will be used, or in a fully lighted office
second major issue is resolution. The sharpness
or definition of the picture is determined by
the number of lines of resolution which are being
projected. While the traditional TV-video format
is sufficient for viewing of still and motion
pictures, it will not allow reading a line of
ordinary typewritten text when projected so that
the entire line is visible in the screen. In
order to read typewriting, the camera must "zoom
in" to where only half or less of the line
is visible, which, in my opinion, is not adequate
for routine courtroom use.
projector which we use handles the XGA format,
which projects a high resolution picture. It
is combined with an Elmo which, in turn, captures
a high definition image and sends it to the projector;
between the two, an ordinary typed document can
be displayed, from margin to margin, with a resolution
that allows it to be read from across a room
from the large screen.
the projector must be able to accept inputs from
numerous input devices and be able to switch
seamlessly from one to another. Our projector
includes a multi-scan RGB input which accepts
signals from SXGA, XGA, SVGA, VGA and Mac Compatible
computers without the need for any additional
hardware, and it accepts connections from at
least two data input devices and two additional
video input devices simultaneously.
our system, the projector is connected to three
A computer (data 1),
2. The Elmo (Video 1)
3. A VCR (Video 2)
court, it is not uncommon to want to switch instantly,
without the distraction, from an image being
displayed from one source to another; i.e. from
video to computer to Elmo. The projector can
be operated with a remote control which switches
instantly from one source to another by pushing
a single button; when the remote is pointed at
the screen from almost anywhere in the courtroom,
the signal from the remote will bounce off the
screen back to the projector which will switch
the projector input, so that we can immediately
switch a picture from VCR to Elmo to computer,
computer is used to provide instant access to
any number of still images and to short video
clips. There is no practical limit to the number
of still images which may be stored in the computer.
These still images may include literally anything
that is a still image ö photographs, key
quotes from depositions, drawings, etc. They
can include internal corporate documents, police
reports and the like, but, for reasons which
will be explained below regarding Trial Director,
we do prefer to display those documents through
the Elmo. Video requires far more disc space
than still images and the computer is not practical
to display any except short video clips; however,
for excerpts from crash tests, and other short
video segments of a few seconds to a minute or
so, the computer can be very effective. Depending
on the size of the disc drive, the computer can
hold 20 minutes or so of video without meaningfully
reducing its capacity to store still images.
As larger hard disc drives become more available
and less expensive, it may become practical to
store deposition presentations on the computer
use a Dell Dimension XPS R450, with a processor
speed of 450 mhz, 256 MB RAM, 16 MB Video card,
and removable 18 gig Kangaru Portable disk. This
is a several years old desktop PC workstation,
which is physically taken into the courtroom
without a keyboard or monitor, mounted on a rolling
AV cart. We have used a desktop workstation because
it provides the processor power needed for video,
and the expansion slots to accept the video card
and hard drive. More recent laptops may be available
with the same capabilities.
of the material which we plan to use from the
computer is stored on the hard disk which provides
essentially instantaneous access. We do not use
CD-ROM, or CD jukeboxes. The removable Kangaru
disk allows us to remove the disk at the end
of the day, both for security purposes, and to
make changes or additions to the stored material.
computer is used with Trial Director Software,
produced by Indata. This is a courtroom presentation
multimedia software developed for presentation
of various types of media in the court room.
It is designed to allow virtually any type of
computerized audio-video media to be loaded into
the program and accessed with a bar code reader.
We use Barcode Reader Model 2000/2002 by American
Microsystems, LTD, together with associated software
for reading barcodes.
bar code is nothing more than a number printed
in a specific bar code format. For example, the
number 15678496 printed as a bar code is
great value of the computer-Trial Director-bar
code combination is the ability to have instant
access to any still or moving image literally
with the push of a single button. Almost everything
that we present through the computer can be presented
without the computer through a VCR or Elmo. However,
nothing can match the speed of access through
method of organization is to place a bar code
sticker on a copy of each page, photo, chart,
key quote or any thing else which is loaded into
Trial Director. For moving video, the bar code
sticker is affixed to a page containing a short
description of each clip. These materials are
then organized just as we would organize them
for trial in the absence of Trial Director; in
our case, they are organized in tabbed notebooks.
During trial, when any of these things is wanted,
finding the page, or quote, or photo in the notebook
also finds the bar code, and a quick push of
the button on the bar code reader projects the
image onto the big screen.
the pretrial preparation process, each item to
be displayed is loaded into the computer, and
into the Trial Director program. For video, the
The video in question is captured into the computer
using a VCR and video capture board, and edited
in the computer.
The final version of the video clip is output
to a video tape which can be played on a VCR,
and which will become a Plaintiff's Exhibit.
The final version of the clip, in MPEG-1 (a computer
format for handling video), is loaded into Trial
Director and given a number.
The name of this item is printed on paper, along
with a bar code for its number.
When the bar code reader reads this number from
the paper, the computer will play the video through
the projector onto the screen to be seen by the
still images, the process is similar, but easier,
since the editing process is far less complicated.
most difficult part of the entire process is
selecting which images should be loaded into
the computer. For us, this is the same process
as selecting the images which are expected to
be trial exhibits. We load all photographs and
similar images which we expect to use at trial.
Key quotes from depositions are selected, and
each is input into the computer, ready to be
displayed at a moment's notice. Even though documents
generally will be presented with the Elmo, key
quotes from key documents are cut and pasted
into Trial Director where they can be used with
greater impact during opening statement, final
argument or cross-examination.
a VCR, the projector will accept any generally
used model of VCR. For many years, we have used
S-VHS format for most videotaping done by the
office, because it provides better quality than
regular VCR when copying and editing tapes. However,
if S-VHS is used, it is necessary to use a VCR
that will play both regular and S-VHS format.
If the defendants show up wanting to use the
VCR with a regular VHS tape, it is usually best
for the VCR to work for them also.
use an ELMO EV-400AF Visual Presenter. This particular
unit provides superior video quality, and uses
one of the best video capture chips available
at the time it was made a few years ago. When
purchasing an Elmo, it is very important to get
the highest possible video resolution to facilitate
the display of documents.
experience has been that the most efficient method
of presenting documents at trial is to simply
put them under the Elmo and project them onto
the large projector screen. We try to be sure
that the positioning of the screen, in terms
of its distance from the jury box, will allow
anyone with normal eyesight to easily read typed
text in the documents when the Elmo is zoomed
in so that a line of type completely fills the
width of the screen. When first presenting a
document, it is quick and easy to zoom into the
title and date, the name and signature of the
author, and then to fix the Elmo on the critical
text. If desired, one can mark and highlight
on the document while it is under the Elmo, where
the jury can see everything that happens.
the Elmo in this way requires that the attorney
become comfortable with zooming and focusing
the Elmo. It has two zoom buttons ö in and
out, and two focus buttons, which are easy to
use. Nevertheless, it is absolutely necessary
that the attorney practice the small amount necessary
to become comfortable with the use of the technology.
alternative method for presenting documents is
to use Trial Director. Before the availability
of high resolution cameras and projectors, it
was one of the best available methods. But, that
is no longer true in my opinion.
using Trial Director, one available view of each
document page is the full page view. On this
view, while the jury can see the entire page,
they are almost certainly too far from the screen
to read anything on the page. For the jury to
read a section, Trial Director has several zooming
views which blow up sections of the page. In
my opinion, however, they are far more cumbersome
to use live in front of the jury than is the
Elmo, and no more effective. While specific blowup
views can be preprogrammed, this requires a great
deal of work, and limits flexibility. On balance,
I believe that using the Elmo allows the most
effective presentation, with the least pretrial
preparation, while allowing the attorney to retain
the maximum flexibility.
Elmo can also be used to present any form of
printed material, from photographs to pages from
authoritative treatises. Simply place the material
under the Elmo, zoom or focus if necessary, and
the presentation is made.
model Elmos have lights which can either shine
from above on the material, or shine up from
the base to back light transparent items such
as X-rays. When the base lights are turned on,
X-rays can be shown on the Elmo more effectively
than on a view box, because of the ability to
zoom in on the critical portions of the X-ray.
Small CAT scan images on X-ray film can be blown
up to 6'x6' through the projector.
Elmo can also be valuable to show the jury small
three dimensional objects. Threaded bolts, pieces
of machinery and all kinds of objects can be
seen more readily by the jury if projected onto
the big screen. An expert's explanation can be
more readily understood when small objects which
are the subject of the discussion can be pointed
to, turned and moved while being projected on
to Do with the Technology?
that technology is not the end, but only a means
to an end, consider what to do with the technology;
how to make it most effectively assist in reaching
the goal of a favorable verdict.
Quotes: Perhaps the single most effective
use of the big screen is the display of key
our pre-trial preparation, and during the trial
itself, we are seeking short, pithy quotes from
adverse witnesses, adverse experts or corporate
representatives, which make key points of our
case. As we take and index depositions prior
to trial, some of the questions and answers will
be isolated and indexed as "key quotes" or "major
admissions" in our indexing system. In a
case in which the defect was GM's failure to
include head restraints in CK trucks, even as
they included them in those sold to Saudi Arabia,
one of our key quotes was from GM's corporate
representative, Mr. El-Sabeh:
Okay. Mr. El-Sabeh, do you agree as a matter
of general principle that people who purchase
CK trucks in the United States ought to get
the same level of safety as people who purchase
CK trucks in Saudi Arabia?
the time the trial commences, the key quotes
have been selected, indexed and placed in notebooks,
with a bar code beside each quote. With the push
of a single button on the bar code reader, the
quote can be transferred to the big screen before
we use the key quotes, we copy the text into
a still image, if possible superimposed over
a photograph taken from the video of the witness.
We use the text of the quote to project on the
big screen, a text which can remain immobile
and visible before the jury while it is discussed,
and considered, and taken into full account,
until time to be replaced by another.
use key quotes during direct and cross-examination,
opening statement and final argument. During
each phase of the trial, they reside in the computer,
to be called forth with the push of the bar code
powerful use of the projected large-screen image,
is to use video either as direct, real evidence,
or as an explanation of something which is better
shown in motion than merely explained in words.
crashworthiness cases, an obvious use of video
is to present crash test videos which are important
to the case. The crash test films are usually
far too long to be played in their entirety for
the jury. Our practice is that crash test films
are edited, to select and present the portions
relevant to the trial at hand in short clips,
and the resulting edit is both output to videotape
and loaded into Trial Director.
or video reconstructions of collision events
can be powerful means of demonstrating what happened
for the jury.
animation can be used to show the jury the workings
of mechanical parts which may be too large, too
small or otherwise inconvenient to show the jury.
/ Charts: During opening statement or final
argument, slides or charts which visually summarize
portions of the opening statement or argument,
can be effective in visually driving home points.
Excerpts: Although we prefer to present
documents as a whole through the Elmo, select
or dramatic portions of documents can be loaded
into Trial Director as still images and displayed
quickly and effectively through the computer
Tech is Not Dead
not become a captive to high tech. Low tech still
lives, and has its place in trial.
/ blow-ups can be very effective if used correctly.
The most important thing about posters is that
they stand out visibly all the time, not just
when being used. The pictures on the big screen
may be larger, but one goes away when the next
appears. The blowup not being used remains visible
to the jury if properly placed.
that, to be effective, posters must be BIG. The
writing should be easily visible to every member
of the jury from the place where the poster will
be located. In our experience, people who make
posters believe they should be 2'x3', while they
should actually be at least 3'x4', and perhaps
larger depending on their content.
the urge to make the poster fancy. Make it look
low tech ÷ simple, but effective at carrying
posters look low tech, they are not really. High
tech can be used to make posters. Computer literate
artists and illustrators, using readily available
programs and standard workstations, can create
posters and print out small versions for proofing
by counsel in the office prior to trial. After
the decision is made on what posters to use,
the computer file can be taken to a service bureau
which will make the actual poster in a few hours.
addition to the technicalities, there are a number
of legal and practical considerations for use
of the technology at trial.
plaintiff's lawyer who is providing and using
the technology should avoid, as much as possible,
creating an image of himself (and his client)
as high-dollar techno-wizards. I think this should
be approached in two ways:
by motion in limine, prevent the defense from
informing the jury that it is your equipment.
Make it available to the defense before the trial
starts, outside the presence of the jury, and
require that all parties refer to the court as
the court's equipment. This will allow the court
to be high-tech, which the judge will appreciate,
and you will simply be up to date with the court's
equipment. The defense, at some time, will "inadvertently" refer
to the equipment as yours, or ask your help in
operating it, but, by that time, it will be too
late, and their remarks may simply increase your
image as knowledgeable and well prepared.
make every effort to minimize the obtrusiveness
of the technology in terms of its physical appearance
in the courtroom.
big screen (which is, of course, very obvious),
does not look particularly high tech. It is simply
a movie screen like many of us saw in our school
rooms many years ago. The projector, computer
and VCR can all be located on an audio-video
cart, with their connecting wires carefully packaged
and concealed, which makes a physically unobtrusive
package. It will not be necessary to use either
a computer monitor or keyboard in the presence
of the jury. If the computer technician needs
to have the keyboard available, either hide it
or disconnect while the jury is in the room.
Elmo usually cannot be on the same cart, because
it would place the Elmo and the lawyer using
it, in front of the screen with the projector.
You will have to find another location for the
Elmo, and will have to run a connection from
it to the projector.
AV cart can include a multiple power outlet so
that all of the equipment on the cart can be
plugged into the cart, and only one power cord
from the cart run to another outlet. This, the
connection from the Elmo, and any other cords
or wires, must be run as neatly and unobtrusively
as possible, and taped securely down with duct
tape, so as not to become a tripping hazard and
to maintain a reasonable appearance.
least several days before the trial, it is advisable
to approach the court, perhaps through the bailiff
who usually controls the physical contents of
the courtroom, for permission to set up the A/V
equipment. In my experience, most courts are
very receptive and often helpful in making suggestions
for the location of the various pieces. Prior
to the beginning of the trial, decide on the
location of each item of equipment. The most
important is the screen, which must be easily
visible to the jury, and everyone else. The location
of the screen and the projector move together.
If possible, avoid placing the projector directly
next to the jury box; most projectors make a
low noise from a fan which is blowing a small
amount of hot air, neither of which do you want
to have as a distraction to the jurors. If placement
next to the jury box is unavoidable, do whatever
is possible to minimize the undesirable effects.
the beginning of each day, test all of the equipment
to be sure it is working correctly. Never undertake
to use any equipment in the courtroom which has
not been tested, that day, in its fully set up
be prepared, both technically and emotionally,
for what can and will go wrong.
something goes wrong, the lawyer must immediately
make a joke of it and move forward. Do not stop
the progress of the trial to fix equipment, or
to figure out why it is not working. Leave that
for the next recess. Rather, the lawyer must
be able to move forward with the presentation
of evidence without getting caught up in the
our system, many things can be displayed two
ways ö either via the computer or the Elmo;
or the computer or the VCR. Often, one can simply
change to the other method of display. The main
exception to this is the projector ö if
it should fail, you cannot project anything.
Fortunately, we have not had a failure of the
projector, although we have had to learn to remember
to turn it on in the morning ö a good reason
to run a test.
if the system fails entirely, go ahead with the
evidence without the high tech stuff. The judge
and the jury will appreciate your unflappable
demeanor, and the pace of the trial will not
suffer. Make a joke at your own expense, move
on, and fix it at the next recess.
Courtroom Set Up
multi-scan RGB Input accepts signals from
SXGA, XGA, SVGA, VGA and Mac Compatible computers
without the need for any additional hardware.
This means that you can connect your VCR,
ELMO, and computer to output through the
same device on a big screen. (SXGA 1,280
x 1,024, XGA 1,024 x 768, SVGA 800 x 600)
1300 ANSI Lumens - the brightness output
by the projector. (I believe currently the
highest Lumens available is about 2200, this
changes y. . . like processor speed.
addition to the standard front projection
mode, the menu driven functions can be used
to instantly reverse the image for rear projection,
and invert the image for ceiling mounting.
This is an important consideration, because
so many courtrooms are not designed for the
use of technology equipment. Each courtroom
will have a completely different layout and
requirements to position the screen for the
jury, witness and the judge to view properly.
versus LCD projectors: LCD projectors are
lighter, brighter and easier to set up and
purchasing small lightweight projectors that
are convenient for travel, be aware of the
limitations. For example, many small lightweight
projectors are limited to an 800 x 600 resolution.
If the computer or laptop that you are using
has a high resolution of 1024 x 768, you
will have to lower your resolution in order
to display through the projector. This diminishes
the picture quality. Also, the output of
brightness may be limited to 600 or 800 lumens.
Courtrooms are usually well lit with fluorescent
lighting. You don't want to have to turn
down the lights to display all exhibits on
the screen. Lights are often turned down
when a video is played, but when displaying
imaged documents or short video clips, you
do not want to have to turn down the lights.
If necessary, depending on the light arrangement
in the courtroom, it is possible to turn
off one light fixture above the screen. But
in the last few months, small lightweight
projectors have been coming out with XGA
and 2200 lumens.
Tripod Projection Screen
screens are the most common - downside
- Tripod legs take a lot of area, if you
are working in a small place, the new Pedestal
screens have a flatter stand and are more
lightweight and easier to set up, but are
not as tall as tripod. The height of the
tripod screen is useful when positioning
the screen behind the bar. Also available,
Flat screen LCD monitors and Plasma monitors.
LCD max size 21" Plasma max size 50 ".
using Rear Projection from the Projector,
you must use a rear projection screen.
of the screen and distance of the screen
from projector must be taken into consideration.
Each projector's User Manual will give you
the minimum and maximum distance and angles.
Often in small courtrooms the screen must
be placed behind the bar.
EV-400AF Visual Presenter
450TV-lines Resolution for a Clear Image.
The EV-400AF begins with superior image
quality. ELMO utilizes one of the finest ¸" CCD
(sensor) chips available. A 410,000 pixel
chip yielding over 450 lines of horizontal
resolution produces outstanding contrast
and picture quality when capturing all
types of 3D objects, slides, transparencies,
and opaque presentation materials.
offers some great LCD projectors and Elmo
combos. Great for ease of travel. Also means
that ELMO could not be moved to the counsel
table with projector in another location.
Having the two devices separated is probably
better for courtroom setup, considering each
and every setup with be very different. Combo
system would be good for presentations, lightweight
objects can be placed on the ELMO, show up
large on big screen, and then zoomed in on
a particular area with great clarity for
the whole jury to view. Photos or documents
that have not been scanned can be placed
on the Elmo.
have various makes and models of VCR's
we use in the office, but we prefer to
use SVHS versus VHS for better quality.
A VCR is connected to the projector for
playing lengthy videos, usually depositions.
Computers cannot handle long videos very
well and take up to much space.
going to courtroom, make sure that if you
are going to use S-VHS that your VCR can
also play VHS video tapes. If the opposing
counsel is wishing to use the VCR, or a new
video is suddenly produced during trial,
don't be caught with a VCR that plays SVHS
you are outsourcing your video, and choose
to use SHVS, you must let the videographer
know, or they more than likely will give
you the videos in VHS format.
an Audio Visual Cart on wheels is great
for ease of moving and placing equipment
in the courtroom. Some AV carts have adjustable
shelves, so that you can change the height
of the projector if needed. PandH most
common setup. Projector on top of cart,
VCR on second shelf. The VCR should front
face the side most accessible by counsel.
The PC can be placed on bottom shelf, if
the cart is not placed far from the counsel
table. Most Bar code wands/readers plug
into the back of the computer in the serial
port. Usually the cables are short, extensions
can be purchased, but extensions can come
apart easily and cables get in the way.
You want to have a clean, organized setup,
then place the computer under the counsel
table. An RGB to the projector will need
to run to the projector. Tape it down well
with duct tape, or cover it with a floor
electrical outlet strip on the cart is always
helpful. Devices can be plugged in right
there on the cart, so that only one electrical
cord must be run to the wall or nearest outlet.
Courtrooms are usually limited in electrical
outlets. Always thoroughly inspect the courtroom
before the trial begins. Draw and map out
all electrical outlets and lighting arrangements.
Can one light fixture be turned off at a
time, or, are all lights on one electrical
switch? Include measurements and distances
of furniture, hallways, the height of bar.
Finding the right place for the equipment
is not only crucial from a presentation standpoint,
making sure the jury, witness and judge has
a clear view of the screen, but also making
sure that the equipment is not an obstruction
to walkways, door, building codes, etc. Having
the bailiff of the court in the courtroom
when inspecting and determining layout of
the courtroom is very valuable. The bailiff
will know all the likes and dislikes of the
judge. Where does the judge like particular
items to be placed? What items can and cannot
be moved. Where does the judge expect counsel
to approach the jury. Does the attorney have
to address the jury from a podium, or does
he stand at the counsel table? These pieces
of information are critical for determining
the placement of the ELMO and bar code reader
It makes presentation flawless when the attorney
can reach over at all times and place a document
on the ELMO without pausing to walk over
to the Elmo to place down an exhibit.
Dimension XPS R450
speed 450 mhz, 256 MB RAM, 16 MB Video
card, removable 18 gig Kangaru Portable
disk, (a removable hard drive that can
locked with a key into the computer, and
be removed at the end of the day.) This
feature allows several benefits - you take
your data out of the courtroom every day
for security purposes, you have your data
to work on that evening to prepare or add
exhibits for the next day and you do not
have to take apart all your equipment to
take the computer out of the courtroom.
prefer to use a workstation PC versus a laptop
because of the power of the workstation.
With the new high memory graphic cards, videos
and animations play smoothly. If your presentation
is small and simple a laptop will be fine.
Director Software www.indatacorp.com
Multimedia Presentation software used to
display video, animations, text and photo
images in full screen with the click of
a barcode reader. Allows side by side exhibit
comparisons. On-screen annotation tools
and multi-zoom capabilities. Exhibits recall
quick and easily. The Director Suite Version
2.0 includes TrialDirector, DocumentDirector
and DepositionDirector. The Suite supports
a variety of industry standard multimedia
formats such as AVI, MPEG, and Adobe Acrobat
PDF. Images and videos are loaded easily.
The software prints bar-codes for each
exhibit. A barcode reader is used in place
of a keyboard to read the name of the exhibit
and display instantaneously and repeatedly.
Director plays Full-screen M-PEG 1 videos,
this is very impressive for the jury to watch
video on a 6' screen. Also, photos look very
impressive and dramatic on the big screen.
Reader Model 2000/2002 by American Microsystems,
LTD. Softcom Software must be loaded on
computer to read the bar-codes or software
provided by the manufacturer of the reader.
from the court for use of equipment must
be obtained prior to the trial. The court
will usually request a list of all equipment
to be used. Recommendation is to share
your equipment with opposing counsel. We
usually come to an agreement with opposing
counsel before we request to bring the
equipment into the courtroom, so that we
can let the court know that both sides
are in agreement. Opposing counsel will
only use the VCR and Elmo, not the computer.
are many companies that rent all of this
equipment. There are also many litigation
support companies to help in this area. If
you plan to do most of the work yourself
and do not have an IT Administrator, research
can be done on the Internet. If you spend
a small amount of time looking up equipment
on the Internet, you will become an expert
quickly. Do searches for the type of equipment
you are looking for, for example, search
for LCD projectors or Elmo visual presenter.
If you have a question, like what does lumens
mean? Pick up the phone and give them a call.
Perry & Haas does not offer any guarantee of
Past success in litigation does not guarantee success in any new or future
Our web site describes some of the cases that the attorneys of Perry & Haas have worked on in the past.
Our description of those cases is summary in nature.
You should be aware that the results obtained in each of the cases we have
worked on was dependent on the particular facts of each case. The results of
other cases will differ based on the different facts involved.